Прочность асфальтобетона

  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_argument::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state) in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument.inc on line 917.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_argument::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false) in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument.inc on line 917.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_sort::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state) in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_sort.inc on line 165.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_sort::options_submit() should be compatible with views_handler::options_submit($form, &$form_state) in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_sort.inc on line 165.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_sort::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false) in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_sort.inc on line 165.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state) in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 587.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false) in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 587.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter_node_status::operator_form() should be compatible with views_handler_filter::operator_form(&$form, &$form_state) in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/modules/node/views_handler_filter_node_status.inc on line 13.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_argument_validate::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_submit($form, &$form_state) in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_argument_validate.inc on line 87.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_argument_validate_taxonomy_term::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_submit($form, &$form_state) in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/modules/taxonomy/views_plugin_argument_validate_taxonomy_term.inc on line 165.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/captcha/captcha.inc on line 61.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_field::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false) in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_field.inc on line 1147.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_field_comment_username::init() should be compatible with views_handler::init(&$view, $options) in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/modules/comment/views_handler_field_comment_username.inc on line 47.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_query::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_submit($form, &$form_state) in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_query.inc on line 169.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_row::options_validate() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_validate(&$form, &$form_state) in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_row.inc on line 136.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_style_default::options() should be compatible with views_object::options() in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_style_default.inc on line 24.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Declaration of page_title_plugin_display_page_with_page_title::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_submit($form, &$form_state) in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/page_title/views/plugins/page_title_plugin_display_page_with_page_title.inc on line 66.
  • strict warning: Declaration of content_handler_field::element_type() should be compatible with views_handler_field::element_type($none_supported = false, $default_empty = false, $inline = false) in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/cck/includes/views/handlers/content_handler_field.inc on line 229.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter_term_node_tid_depth::operator_options() should be compatible with views_handler_filter::operator_options() in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/modules/taxonomy/views_handler_filter_term_node_tid_depth.inc on line 89.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/captcha/captcha.inc on line 61.

При насыщении смеси щебнем выше оптимального предела отдельные его зерна, создающие жесткий каркас, обволакиваются пленками битума, прочность и вязкость которых гораздо ниже, чем в смесях без щебня. После превышения оптимума нарушается равновесие между влиянием каркаса и пленок битума, причем влияние последних является определяющим. Увеличение внутреннего трения за счет повышения содержания щебня не дает ожидаемого роста сдвигоустойчивости, так как трение внутри пленок резко падает.

Прочность асфальтобетона в значительной мере зависит от скорости приложения и времени действия нагрузки. С увеличением скорости приложения нагрузки увеличивается и прочность при сдвиге. При этом увеличивается величина когезии битумной пленки. Повышение скорости сдвига приводит к увеличению внутреннего трения за счет увеличения прочности пленок, остающихся до определенной скорости материалом, поведение которого определяется вязкими свойствами.

Для характеристики пластичности асфальтобетона при положительных температурах, когда возможно возникновение деформаций покрытий (волны, наплывы и пр.), может служить показатель пластичности, впервые полученный Н. Н. Асфальтобетон считают непластичным, если К при +50° С имеет величину не более 0,10, нормальной пластичности при К=0,15—0,24, и смеси считают пластичными, если К более 0,25. Хотите установить подоконник? Выбирайте мраморные изделия http://granito.ru/production/podokonniki-iz-mramora/. Они отличаются долговечностью и имеют эстетичный вешний вид.

Прочность асфальтобетона оценивают по испытанию цилиндрических образцов на сжатие при температуре +50, +20 и 0°С при скорости деформирования 3 мм/мин. Если при температуре +50° С ограничивается.нижний предел прочности (10—12 кгс/см2), то при-температуре 0°С ограничивается верхний предел прочности (не более 120 -кгс/см2). Показатель прочности при сжатии при +50° С характеризует сдвигоустойчивость асфальтобетона при высокой температуре и сопротивляемость материала образованию пластических деформаций в покрытии. Показатель прочности при 0°С косвенно характеризует трещиностой- кость асфальтобетона при низкой температуре.

27.09.2017