Применение металла в строительстве

  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_argument::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state) in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument.inc on line 917.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_argument::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false) in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument.inc on line 917.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_sort::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state) in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_sort.inc on line 165.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_sort::options_submit() should be compatible with views_handler::options_submit($form, &$form_state) in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_sort.inc on line 165.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_sort::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false) in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_sort.inc on line 165.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state) in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 587.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false) in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 587.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter_node_status::operator_form() should be compatible with views_handler_filter::operator_form(&$form, &$form_state) in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/modules/node/views_handler_filter_node_status.inc on line 13.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_argument_validate::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_submit($form, &$form_state) in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_argument_validate.inc on line 87.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_argument_validate_taxonomy_term::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_submit($form, &$form_state) in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/modules/taxonomy/views_plugin_argument_validate_taxonomy_term.inc on line 165.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/captcha/captcha.inc on line 61.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_field::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false) in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_field.inc on line 1147.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_field_comment_username::init() should be compatible with views_handler::init(&$view, $options) in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/modules/comment/views_handler_field_comment_username.inc on line 47.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_query::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_submit($form, &$form_state) in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_query.inc on line 169.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_row::options_validate() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_validate(&$form, &$form_state) in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_row.inc on line 136.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_style_default::options() should be compatible with views_object::options() in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_style_default.inc on line 24.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Declaration of page_title_plugin_display_page_with_page_title::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_submit($form, &$form_state) in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/page_title/views/plugins/page_title_plugin_display_page_with_page_title.inc on line 66.
  • strict warning: Declaration of content_handler_field::element_type() should be compatible with views_handler_field::element_type($none_supported = false, $default_empty = false, $inline = false) in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/cck/includes/views/handlers/content_handler_field.inc on line 229.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter_term_node_tid_depth::operator_options() should be compatible with views_handler_filter::operator_options() in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/modules/taxonomy/views_handler_filter_term_node_tid_depth.inc on line 89.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/captcha/captcha.inc on line 61.

На сегодняшний день металл является одним из самых популярных и распространённых материалов для строительства. В принципе ни одна стройка не проходит без использования металлических материалов.
Металл существует двух видов: черный и цветной. Металлические изделия активно используются не только в сфере строительства, но и в других областях производства.
Если вам в кратчайшие сроки нужно соорудить какой-нибудь склад, гараж или другое помещение, то незаменимым помощников для вас станет использование металлоконструкций, более того, вам в обязательном порядке понадобится здесь болт высокопрочный, который поможет скрепить все конструкции.
Металл как строительный материал имеет ряд положительных характеристик. Вот некоторые из них:
- металлические конструкции отличаются своей крепостью, прочностью.
- отлично поддается любым видам обработки, в том числе и химической.
- имеет хорошую плотность, что способствует водонепроницаемости.
- металлические изделия обладают эстетическими свойствами - блеском, цветом, возможность изменить их с помощью художественной обработки.
- долговечен даже при очень низких или высоких температурах.
К основным металлическим материалам которые активно используются в строительстве относят алюминий и сталь. Они относятся к категории черных металлов. В строительстве активно применяется в качестве отделочного материала, а также при постройках промышленных зданий. Реже в строительстве используется медь.
С каждым днем применения металла в строительстве растет и расширяются. Внедряются новые разработки и технологии. Конструкции из металла имеют наиболее меньший вес чем например железобетонные конструкции, что очень облегчает строительство.
Как правило, металлические конструкции требуют сборки и в основном изготавливаются в заводских условиях.
Помимо преимуществ металлические конструкции в строительстве имеют еще и свои недостатки:
- металлические конструкции часто окисляются и подвергаются коррозии
- не обладают огнестойкостью
Производство металлических конструкций на современном заводе, как правило, состоит из 4 процессов:
- подготовка металла
- изготовление шаблона и макета металлической конструкции
- изготовление деталей металлоконструкции
- сбор, придание эстетического вида конструкции и отправка заказчику.
На сегодняшний день стоит острый вопрос о том как защитить металлические изделия от коррозии. Наиболее стойкие к коррозированию - это алюминий и чугун. Из-за коррозии металлическое изделия теряет свои все положительные характеристики.