Полимерные оросители

  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_argument::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state) in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument.inc on line 917.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_argument::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false) in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument.inc on line 917.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_sort::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state) in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_sort.inc on line 165.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_sort::options_submit() should be compatible with views_handler::options_submit($form, &$form_state) in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_sort.inc on line 165.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_sort::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false) in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_sort.inc on line 165.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state) in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 587.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false) in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 587.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter_node_status::operator_form() should be compatible with views_handler_filter::operator_form(&$form, &$form_state) in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/modules/node/views_handler_filter_node_status.inc on line 13.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_argument_validate::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_submit($form, &$form_state) in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_argument_validate.inc on line 87.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_argument_validate_taxonomy_term::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_submit($form, &$form_state) in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/modules/taxonomy/views_plugin_argument_validate_taxonomy_term.inc on line 165.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/captcha/captcha.inc on line 61.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_field::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false) in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_field.inc on line 1147.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_field_comment_username::init() should be compatible with views_handler::init(&$view, $options) in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/modules/comment/views_handler_field_comment_username.inc on line 47.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_query::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_submit($form, &$form_state) in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_query.inc on line 169.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_row::options_validate() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_validate(&$form, &$form_state) in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_row.inc on line 136.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_style_default::options() should be compatible with views_object::options() in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_style_default.inc on line 24.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Declaration of page_title_plugin_display_page_with_page_title::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_submit($form, &$form_state) in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/page_title/views/plugins/page_title_plugin_display_page_with_page_title.inc on line 66.
  • strict warning: Declaration of content_handler_field::element_type() should be compatible with views_handler_field::element_type($none_supported = false, $default_empty = false, $inline = false) in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/cck/includes/views/handlers/content_handler_field.inc on line 229.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter_term_node_tid_depth::operator_options() should be compatible with views_handler_filter::operator_options() in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/modules/taxonomy/views_handler_filter_term_node_tid_depth.inc on line 89.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 23.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in /var/www/www-root/data/www/house18.info/sites/default/modules/captcha/captcha.inc on line 61.

В последние десятилетия на смену оросителям из асбестоцементных листов, а иногда и дерева, пришли полимерные. Удельная масса полимерного оросителя высотой 1200 мм составляет всего 22 кг/м2, а асбестоцементного почти 350 кг/м2. Соответственно уменьшаются нагрузка на элементы каркаса, расход материалов и конструкций, трудозатраты при возведении.

Опорная колоннада железобетонных вытяжных башен градирен состоит из наклонных сборных железобетонных элементов (возможно и монолитное решение) прямоугольного, многоугольного или круглого сечения. Толщина элементов 400-1000 мм. Число элементов 40-72. Колонны имеют выпуски арматуры и закладные детали для крепления с одной стороны к фундаменту, с другой стороны — к нижнему опорному кольцу оболочки.

Нижнее опорное кольцо выполняется обычно в монолитном железобетоне. При монолитном варианте арматурные выпуски колонн соединяют со стержневой арматурой кольца.

Существует несколько решений наклонной колоннады со сборным опорным кольцом, одно из которых для градирни площадью орошения 1600 м2 состоит из стоек и ригелей. Стойка имеет прямоугольную консоль. После сварки двух стоек в Л-образный элемент и его установки в проектное положение ригель укладывают на вершины элементов. Для соединения служат закладные детали. Прямолинейные (или дугообразные) ригели имеют сверху кольцевые выпуски арматуры для приварки к ним арматуры оболочки башни. Есть и другие решения.

24.02.2017